Editor's Note: Hiring teachers illegal is often an irresponsible move for a training center or school in China, but this Chinese media article takes it a step further, calling the practice dangerous. The article argues that illegal teachers are usually either grossly unqualified (suggesting they are drunks, didn't finish college, or were truck drivers in their own country) or sex offenders. This seems like an exaggeration and an unfair stereotype. The article mentions the massive amounts of red tape a school faces when hiring a foreigner but does not fully take into account the connection between China's overly strict requirements for foreign teachers and the number of illegal teachers working in China. In our opinion, China needs to better realize its market, which is often young people right out of college, and offer more roads to a legal teaching visa. It is really the young teachers who are taken advantage of by tutoring centers in China, and the number of “criminals” who come pose as teachers in China are the extreme minority.
Summer is prime hiring season for English training centers in China. The kids are out of school which means more time to study English. The Chinese media has reported however, that many English training centers hire “black market teachers,” during this busy time of year. These teachers have no qualifications or experience. Some even have criminal records or are sex offenders back in their home countries. How do these illegal educators make it into the classroom? Why has hiring them become so popular in China?
Training Centers Only Care About Hiring Foreign Faces
In China, most foreign teachers do no have the proper qualifications to teach. Chinese law stipulates that teachers employed by training centers in China must have a bachelors degree or above and at least two years of relevant work experience or an internationally recognized teaching certificate. Candidates also must be in good health and have no criminal record. They must also obtain a “Foreign Expert Certificate,” as well as an employment permit.
In reality, many Chinese educational institutions (and even some universities) will hire foreign teachers without teaching qualifications as long as they have a foreign face. Shenzhen Special Zone Daily reported that in 2007 there were 7,000 or 8,000 teachers out of the 13,000 foreigners living in Shenzhen. However, data from the city's Foreign Experts Bureau that year showed that there were less than 2,000 legal teachers. Therefore, it is clear that a large number of teachers in Shenzhen are illegally employed.
Southern Regional Deputy Director of Global IELTS Schools Zhang Teng believes that 90% of foreign teachers in China are not actually qualified to teach. As a blonde foreigner, one can work at a number of training institutions and education centers with no questions asked, said Zhang.
Institutes Are Not Qualified to Hire Foreign Teachers
Educational institutes and schools must hold the correct qualifications in order to hire foreign teachers. They must also go through the Foreign Experts Bureau and successfully register in order to hire certified foreign teachers. Once the schools pass inspection, they are re-inspected every year by the Foreign Experts Bureau to keep their qualifications.
Not all educational institutions are able eligible hire foreigners. In Beijing, there are about 500 schools and training centers that are qualified to hire foreign teachers, according to the Beijing Municipal Foreign Experts Bureau. However, there are more than 7,000 schools and training centers in the city. This official mechanism makes it more difficult for schools to hire over the table and increases the demand for “black market,” teachers.
In Shenzhen's Nanshan District, there are 336 English schools that are eligible to hire foreign teachers. A small number of these schools are private training centers. Gregory Sharpan, a former economics teacher in Nanshan told Chinese media that one of his colleagues did not have a proper work visa and had no teaching experiences. “He would get drunk at noon every day and then stumble into the classroom after drinking. He would even get into fights. He did not take teaching seriously.”
Illegal teachers are a problem in almost every Chinese city. China Daily once visited a training center in Xi'an unannounced and found eight “black market,” teachers and three teachers hired legally.
The increased number of illegal teachers in China not only make it difficult to guarantee the quality of English teacher, but also can be a security risk.
Illegal, Unqualified Teachers Flooding the Market
There are a few basic categories of foreign teachers in China. The first are professional specialized teachers. Professional teachers from the United States, teachers will have earned a degree in teaching and a license from their state government. The second are ESL teachers who have degrees in teaching English as a foreign language, have been trained in ESL, and possess a TEFL or CELTA certificate. As long as these teachers take their jobs in China seriously, they have a positive affect on their students.
The third type of English teachers in China did not study teaching in college but have been trained to teach ESL and possess a TEFL or CELTA certificate. They lack expertise on the subject and usually cannot produce good results. Finally, there are teachers with no relevant college degree and no training of any kind.
In China, foreign language training institutes often hire either illegal teachers. Many training centers cannot even attract the third type of teachers mentioned above. Illegal teachers often did not finish their university degree in their own countries, arrived in China on a tourist visa, and depend on companies who hire foreigners for odd jobs for work.
Before coming to China, illegal teachers often worked jobs like nannies and truck drivers. Many are even from Asian countries, and do not speak English as a first language.
Illegal teachers are not qualified and are not engaged in teaching. They lack experience and their methods of teaching are not authentic. Their lessons often have grammar and syntax errors. The quality of education at tutoring centers that hire illegal teachers is generally low.
“On the outside it looks like there are no problems, but there are a lot of issues with the actual teaching,” said Learning English magazine editor Hou Yiling.
Unqualified Teachers Pose A Security Risk
In April 2013, the BBC reported on a suspect named Neil Robinson wanted by British police for distributing child pornography and the sexual assault of children. Robinson's photo was posted on the Internet back in 2012 and authorities soon found that he had worked at Beijing World Youth International School for three years. He had left the school in May 2012 for personal reasons. “He had written to students said he had to return to the UK to update his passport.”
Two days after he left, Robinson was detained by Beijing police and was handed over to British police. The story of a wanted foreign pedophile (Robinson admitted to having sex with and assaulting a 13 year old girl multiple times back in the UK) working in a Chinese school caused an uproar on the Chinese Internet.
Robinson is not the only case. In the same month, a teacher from the United States was arrested for the possession of child pornography and it was found that he had a criminal record with two arrests back in his home country. The man had taught in Nanjing for five years from 2007 to the first half of 2013 and had worked in a university in the city starting in 2009.
A similar case happened in Shanghai in July 2013 when an international school teacher in Shanghai was found to have sexually assaulted at least seven children over five years. In early 2014, a foreign teacher at a Hampson tutoring center was caught sexually harassing female students.
These stories of sexual assault by foreign teachers throughout China is troubling. How can this kind of thing happen? Illegal teachers often have criminal records back in their home country and have come to China to hide from their past. These criminals will commit crimes against children again in China, therefore hiring illegal teachers is a dangerous practice for a training center.
Source: QQ News
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Keywords: teaching illegally in China teach in China no qualifications
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I once noted a front page article in Shenzhen about ESL teachers. The cartoon with the article showed a white foreign teacher, naked and hiding his private parts behind a school bag, in front of him a class of teenage students. This is how the media in China constantly portray men from other countries. At the time, I had started work as a Director of Studies, I was recruited via a UK teacher agency that assured me the Chinese owned school was genuine. I met my team of five ESL teachers, two of them had a z visa.The others told me they were being constantly assured they would get a visa but the promises were just ongoing lies. I was constantly assured I would be given a Z visa but found sixty days later found myself on a visa run to Hong Kong, I returned, quit the job and left China. What I do understand is that the problem stems from the actual Chinese visa system, any school would be happy to finance a z visa but they are bogged down by selective licensing on schools by the political system. It actually feels like the system wants to place professional foreign nationals in dangerous situations where they find themselves under the control of a school that simply is not allowed to apply for a so called z visa. Even nationals that marry a Chinese, find themselves offered a visa which does not allow them to work? How absurd and nasty can a visa system get? Let's have some truth on the so called sex offenders, look at the size of China,the population is huge but in something like 30 years they have around a dozen cases involving foreign nationals, a few bad apples slip through screening in any country but in China the amount is incredibly low yet the state media fix on such things and blow it up out of proportion, rather than look at their own nationals where sex offenses from Chinese teachers reaches staggering proportions. Yet the media coverage is back page news. The state simply needs to be fair with its school licensing system, properly screen applicants from all schools as no applicant or school would feel cornered into hiring unqualified teachers by a bias visa and school license system and this would go a long way to addressing a visa system which borders on criminally designed. Buying not needed medicals at extortionate prices from state owned hospitals whilst undergoing a humiliating medical process which is simply baffling? China wants to be part of the global community but continues to behave like a shifty second hand car salesman. They need professional English trainers, so start paying a professional wage, allow all English schools to apply for the so called z visa and drop the bogus money making medical scam, this in turn will attract the real qualified professionals to come and help the country master an international language tool.
Aug 24, 2015 21:21 Report Abuse
Making TEFL or equivalent, some of which can be obtained online (how on Earth can a teacher be trained online?!?!) a guarantee of getting good teachers is very short-sighted of the Chinese authorities. Unfortunately for the Chinese market however, properly (read state) qualified Western teachers are still in very short supply to fill the abundance of roles, especially those "non-jobs" found in dodgy training centres.
Aug 17, 2015 02:17 Report Abuse
No one is to blame but China itself. I think the wage structure and the lack of professionalism from the majority of Chinese schools. Plus the borderline racist views that teachers should be white are the reason that schools have teachers who don't give a shit. When a teacher arrives in China full of enthusiasm and excitement only to find companies who don't give a shit about their teaching quality and students who don't respect the subject and are forced to learn it by their parents. Then how do they expect the teachers to react but in the same way. When China takes education seriously then they will start to obtain serious teachers.
Aug 14, 2015 13:56 Report Abuse
Old, old news . Anyone with any experience at all has seen the most incredibly horrible business practices repeated over and over for years . Schools hire the cheapest teachers, treat them poorly, and then brand them as incompetent. This writer is obviously just keeping the anti-foreigner rhetoric alive while omitting the fact that it's all driven by Chinese owned companies. Yawn. "Real" teachers are offered lower pay because training centers pass off cheap teachers as native speakers. These "teachers" are then given inexperienced support systems and no curriculum or training to speak of. Everybody here knows it. This is NOT NEWS, this is just propaganda.
Aug 11, 2015 19:36 Report Abuse
My two cents. I am 100% qualified as an English teacher. Native speaker with a degree and now two years experience teaching in the country. I would really like to be teaching legally right now. When I went to the managers in my company, they refused to give me the paperwork that is legally owed when you finish your contract. Would not issue the release letter, etc. Now if the Chinese staff at this company had complied with the law, there would be no problems. As things are right now, I cannot legally teach in the province I've been living in because the laws are too strict about issuing a new legal work visa and my old company was trying to blackmail me. So, to the original author, you can't understand every situation based on academic expectations. There's this thing we call case studies, you might want to look into them sometime.
Aug 11, 2015 18:14 Report Abuse
Teaching is all about style and delivery, anyone who knows that gem of a book, The Elements of Style will realise not many English speaking people understand English as well as one would think, people tend to speak like they think, not very logically, with no clear intention, Me thinks expectations exceeds reality on all sides. need to relax, its all good. Cheers!
Aug 09, 2015 19:44 Report Abuse
This professional worker Guest626460 with all his qualifications earns much less than ESL teachers and works twice as many hours, this my friends is the reason why he is so butt hurt. Might be the fact that he is still a virgin as well, while ESL teachers get model-like Chinese girls all the time, heck the girls even pay dinners to ESL teachers in China. Cry cry virgin boy, be angry while your sister jumps onto my big pole.
Aug 10, 2015 20:17 Report Abuse
Its people like you that make me glad I am a photographer now. Imagine a whiny brat like you in one of my classrooms. You'd have a bottle of cheap Rio and lie to me about it having no alcohol, I'd explain no meant 0% and you'd pretend to be confused...then we'd both leave the school and I'd become a photographer and I'd run into you again...driving my taxi to work for 12 yuan.
Feb 20, 2016 12:12 Report Abuse
"China is flooded with illegal teachers". The demand for ESL teachers far exceeds those willing to come to China to teach English. It is not a desirable country to come to. The ESL profession is not something people view as a long term career. So why would they spend lots of time/money being trained for it? It's a simple question of economics. I can earn more money working in Burger King in the west. This author paints the absolute worst picture. The truth is many graduates who come here are smart and driven. They do their best in difficult circumstances. The schools are poorly run, often with no set idea of a curriculum. The Chinese teachers are hired straight from crappy universities, also poorly qualified, terrible English and horrible pronunciation The author neglects to mention this. The Chinese have to take responsibility for quality assurance and security checks. They allow somebody with no Educational experience to set up an English school. They have no centralized quality control. Whose fault is that? Thousands of ESL teachers have not abused children and you get three that do. Yet the author feels this is a real problem. Bullshit. They need to worry about seedy Chinese men more than ESL teachers The best teacher my former school ever had, was a teacher who had never been to university. He was fantastic and knew more about English grammar than most graduates. The worst teacher was a Glasgow university teaching graduate. She was rotten and the kids learned nothing. The author is an idiot. He would never mention the many good teachers or admit how thorough the CELTA course is. It is tough
Aug 06, 2015 07:18 Report Abuse
The danger of NOT hiring illegal foreign teachers is running out of business since these schools don't have a license to hire foreigners legally anyway. Parents won't pay no fee if they don't get a White face for their little baozi. It's easy to blame the foreigners, but they are often not very aware of what they throw themselves in, on the other hand the Chinese employers are perfectly aware that they are hiring an illegal foreigner and of the consequences that could come along with it.
Aug 06, 2015 01:12 Report Abuse
It's easier for China to export this problem and blame someone else the same way the West exports our literal garbage to China for them to reclaim. Each side pretending they don't need each other and sneering. How very adolescent of the world. Actually, this article sounds very similar to what Donald Trump has been saying about Chinese people...
Aug 11, 2015 18:20 Report Abuse
This artical is right about one thing.."illigal Teaching" but being dangerous to that extent i personally think its an exaggeration. And if you have ever attentended collegue for Bachalors in education you will agree with me that therez nothing as a best Teacher. Good Best teachers can be bad too depending on the type of student you teach..forestance if u find pupils who are not intrested at all in what u teaching no magic can make them like it..period. Some kids just hate English..with professional or unprofessional Teacher. Some guys are natural,they don't need all those certificates you mentioned to deliver. And I'm one person who believe people shouldn't be judged by there past..if some dude made to china with such a criminal record not caught blame the immigartion not schools hiring him. Lastly "black market teachers" has nothing to do with racism. Go back and read again.Thank you.
Aug 06, 2015 00:48 Report Abuse
However, a good teacher should at least know how to spell. If you are not teaching writing, maybe you can get away with it; but then again, even when teaching speech, you may need to write words on the board. Misspellings are frowned upon when it comes to English teaching or any language teaching. I know some people will get defensive about what I have written, but as a licensed teacher and an English major, I believe that knowing grammar, spelling, and teaching methods will go a long way. I know I wouldn't want my own English teacher to have so many spelling and grammatical mistakes.
Mar 06, 2018 19:41 Report Abuse
China is the land where door handles snap, USB cables don't work, and water pipes leak as soon as they are laid. And all because the average Chinese consumer want's cheap cheap cheap. Just a moment ago I witnessed a guy trying to get a discount on a 1 RMB ciggarette lighter in my local shop. I kid you not.... a full 5 minutes to buy a 1RMB lighter. So would a typical Chinese consumer pay high prices for a fully qualified professional teacher's services? I think not. Working illegally is not good. But sometimes it is the rules that are are fault, not the people. China want's to demand only the best product in imported, while it exports...... ahem !!! As for sex offenders, why don't the consulates issuing visas just run police checks in the applicant's home country? After all, if the BBC could find a sex offender workking in a Beijing school, why could the the Chinese authorities not?
Aug 05, 2015 17:57 Report Abuse