The 3 Most Important Things to Consider Before Taking a Teaching Job in China

The 3 Most Important Things to Consider Before Taking a Teaching Job in China
Aug 27, 2021 By Paul Bacon ,

My hunt for a teaching job in China began with battling my way through scores of emails from recruiters and schools. From my home country of England, I’d sent my CV to hundreds of potential employers and received a giant raft of emails in response. This was not because I was a world-class educator, but because there is a plethora of options for those seeking teaching jobs in China. As making an informed decision can be difficult, therefore, I bring you the three most important things to consider before taking a teaching job in China.

Teaching job in China
Source: WabbitWanderer

I found my first job through a recruiter via a process that was quick, smooth and remarkably easy, but I didn’t really know what I was getting myself into. After a few days, I realised my new life was going to be a major challenge.

The greatest lesson I learnt from my experiences when I first arrived in China and my subsequent years living here is that in order to get the right job, it’s vital to know why you’re coming, where you’re going and what kind of institution you’re stepping into. You can typically crack this code with a little understanding of the following three considerations.


While looking for a teaching job in China from far away in England, I fell into a trap that ensnares countless other newbies. In my mind, China was one homogeneous block of mystery and potential adventure, so I simply looked for “a teaching job in China.” I failed to understand that just like in the UK, the teaching positions on offer here vary widely depending on where you are in the country. Just because I was offered what looked like a good job, it didn't mean the location would be right for me.

Back in the early 2000s when I first started teaching in China, I took a job in Dawufeng, small industrial hovel (and I do not use this word lightly) about an hour away from Tianjin. I found myself to be the only English speaker in town and at least one hour away from the next expat.

While this may be the ideal situation for some, for me it was a major challenge and a barrier to happiness. Had I done a little more research into the location, I probably wouldn’t have taken the job in the first place.

Public Sector

Even though my  social life in Dawufeng was less than ideal, the struggles I faced in this aspect of my life were nothing compared to those I found in the actual job. I taught at both the public primary and middle schools, where classes were made up of over 40 students.

In the primary school I had an assistant who spoke some English, but in the middle school I was completely on my own. Even the Chinese teachers who were assigned to teach English could only manage the absolute basics, which I suppose is why they needed me in the first place. The whole situation left me feeling overwhelmed and, at times, desperately unhappy.

Stories like mine are common among foreign teachers who work at China’s public schools and universities, especially in less developed locations. But it’s not all doom and gloom. The job in Dawufeng was clearly not the right fit for me, but that’s not to say it wouldn’t have suited another foreign teacher better. Perhaps one with more patience, one who enjoyed his own company, or one of those types that thrive when out of their comfort zones.

There are two basic things to consider before taking a job at a public school in China: holidays and salary. The salaries in public schools tend to be fairly modest, especially in second and third tier cities or very rural locations. Universities usually pay a little more than schools, and both often provide apartments as part of any package, which frees up a big portion of your income. Also remember that if you’re in a less developed location, the cost of living will be lower.

The flip-side of the modest salaries is that the holidays on offer at China’s public schools are usually luxuriously long, often taking in three summer months and lengthy periods at Spring Festival. This gives foreign teachers plenty of opportunity to travel around China and the wider region.

You typically find two types of foreign teachers working in public education in China. The first are younger teachers with little experience who care less about salary and more about having the time and freedom to explore China during the holidays. The second group is the worthy teachers who really want to make a difference in China’s grassroots education system. These people were perhaps already teachers in their home countries and would probably get on better in Dawufeng than I did. They are probably also keen to soak up all they can about Chinese culture and language, so would relish being “immersed” in a rural location.

Private Sector

China’s private education sector includes private schools, international schools and language training centres. In this sphere, the money is better but the hours are longer and the demands on teachers are greater. Those working at training centres will also find they work their hardest in the evenings, on weekends and during the public holidays.

This is the sector that attracts those happy to work harder for more money. On the back of China's insatiable demand for English teachers, many of these private schools and companies have grown into major corporations that can offer high salaries and genuine career development opportunities, often rivaling what’s on offer in the West. This sector, therefore, tends to attract mid-career and older educators who are either looking to advance or are already well established. There is also often a migration from the lower end of the market towards the better paid top end, as teachers accrue experience in China.

What I learnt from my Dawufeng experience is that everyone has their own motivations for moving to China to teach, and by not understanding mine and the differences in the jobs available, I found myself in a situation that I did not enjoy. The first and most vital step for those looking to come to China to work as teachers, therefore, is to understand why they are coming and to then seek the job, location and institution that reflects that.

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Keywords: teaching job in China


All comments are subject to moderation by staff. Because we wish to encourage healthy and productive dialogue we ask that all comments remain polite, free of profanity or name calling, and relevant to the original post and subsequent discussion. Comments will not be deleted because of the viewpoints they express, only if the mode of expression itself is inappropriate.


I think it is a good article in general! .It describe what it is like teaching in china for a foreign teacher.

Aug 21, 2022 22:29 Report Abuse


Good article. I enjoyed reading. Right now, I´m applying for a teaching position in China. Maybe, I´m gonna share my own experience teaching in China.

Dec 17, 2021 17:19 Report Abuse


It is good for teachers and students

Sep 27, 2021 14:31 Report Abuse


The equitable of the teacher and his or her capabilities

Sep 25, 2021 03:37 Report Abuse


Mr. Bacon's experience is one of hundreds of thousands of experiences. His personal experience is by no means the norm, as there is no norm for teachers. It is all about personal preferences, which is clearly reported in his assessment of his experiences. You do have to make some decisions based on your personal preferences. Location is key. Are you a big city person who needs all the comforts of a western civilization, or can you be content in rural or smaller cities. School type is important too. There are clear differences in public and private schools, both with benefits to serve different types of people. The key to all this is to research and understand what is ESL teaching and what are you comfortable with. Keep in mind, all the research you do still does not prepare you for the realities that face you in moving to a new country. Essentially, you just need to cross your fingers and hope your first assignment is something you can tolerate for the first year. When it comes time for your second year, you will be better prepared to make the correct decisions for your life.

Aug 30, 2021 08:45 Report Abuse


the most important thing to consider is if the school can LEGALLY employ you. Everything else is noise compared to this.

Aug 29, 2021 18:52 Report Abuse


As I understand, native speakers only could be legally employed.

Nov 10, 2021 16:20 Report Abuse


being a 'non-native' English speaker does not stop Chinese schools from trying to employ them. Smaller schools in remote locations are more 'flexible' as to who they employ. Basically, if the Chinese school does not have a licence to employ a foreign worker (and offer the potential employee the correct visa) it does not matter where you are from.

Nov 10, 2021 22:29 Report Abuse


Thanks, I'm pleasantly surprised a bit to get a reply from the Internet chat. I have used only this site for the job search but it hasn't worked for me. Would you please give me a piece of advice on how I could contact the "more flexible" schools directly? Any other kinds of help would be appreciated as well.

Nov 12, 2021 18:06 Report Abuse


more 'flexible' schools are just random ones. It will be hit and miss trying to contact them. just keep applying for jobs and try to cut through the BS you will encounter (and you will encounter a LOT if you are new to China). My advice is look to work elsewhere - South Korea, Japan etc. These countries are more likely to honour contracts and be less likely to screw you over and think themselves 'clever'. of course you are not obliged to take my 'advice' but by all means do due-diligence and not be afraid to ask any and EVERY question of the place you want to work. Most important, do NOT go to China on a Tourist Visa to work - this is a recipe for disaster for you. Any employer who says this is ok to do is lying, and if they lie about this they won't have any problem telling you other lies.

Nov 12, 2021 21:08 Report Abuse