Wuhan is capital of Hubei Province. Sitting on the Jianghan Plain, the city is sliced in three by the mighty Yangtze River. The city is an important regional industrial base, ranking 16th among all Chinese cities in terms of GDP, with particular strength in the automotive and steel sectors, and a vibrant IT sector assuming importance in recent years.
Wuhan is surrounded by beautiful mountains, rivers, lakes and hills. In the past, parts of the city were prone to flooding, but thanks to the Three Gorges Dam, that is no longer the case. The city's three districts are Hankou and Hanyang on the west bank of the Yangtze, and Wuchang on the east. They are today connected by three major bridges across this wide river. It is the city's favorable geographic location that partly explains its industrial success, and has contributed to its rich and colorful history. It is easily reached by road, rail, water and air. Intra-city travel is being bolstered with the addition of an extensive subway line.
With a history dating back 3,500 years, Wuhan has a great number of interesting sights to see. Yellow Crane Tower is considered to be one of China's Four Great Towers, while Turtle Hill with its Qingchuan Pavilion and the Mulan Lake Scenic Area are must-see sights for visitors to Wuhan. And the Yangtze River Bridge, the first road and rail bridge to be built over the Yangtze, provides panoramic vistas of the mighty river and its surrounding scenery.
Other must-see places include the East Lake Scenic Area, the legendary Guqin Tai Terrace, Guiyan Temple and Wuhan University. The latter is particularly charming in the springtime when its cherry tree-lined avenue bursts into color.
The city is also home to three major museums that display the history and cultural development of Wuhan from ancient to modern times. Visitors should be sure to visit Wuhan Museum, Hubei Provincial Museum, and the Site of the Wuhan National Government Museum.
Wuhan is also host to a number of festivals that take place at different times of the year. For instance, the Plum Blossom Festival is held in February and March. This festival celebrates the beauty of the enduring plum blossom and locals consider it to represent the bravery and loyalty of the Chinese people. Other festivals include the China (Wuhan) Orchid Expo, the Wuhan International Tourism Festival and the Wuhan Horse Racing Festival.
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