Municipal Infrastructure - Transportation

Municipal Infrastructure - Transportation

Beijing is the Capital of China and can be easily reached by train, plane or bus. Beijing has the best, most accessible transport network in China. All levels of public transportation are readily available in the city.

The total length of road is about 5,500 kilometers. Beijing has 6 major expressways connecting the capital to all of the major national trunk highway systems. The Jing-Jin-Tang expressway connects Beijing with neighboring port Tianjin and Tanggu. Other main expressways include the Badaling expressway, Jing-Shi expressway, Jing-Shen expressway, Jing-Kai expressway and Capital Airport expressway.

Public TransitIn Beijing, there are almost 15,000 city transit buses and also long-distance buses that serve all China. Spacious, environmentally friendly and energy-saving buses are widely used in Beijing and more improvements are on the way in preparation for the 2008 Beijing Games. In 2006, there were 447 public transit routes in the urban areas and passenger volume reached 3.04 billion passenger movements. There are also 62 taxi companies with a combined fleet of some 67,000 taxis.

Beijing is one of the largest railway hubs in China, with direct trains to most large and medium-sized cities. Passenger volume amounted to 8.91 billion passenger movements and freight volume was 26.3 billion tons in 2006. There are almost 100 rail lines radiating out from the capital forming a multi-modal network for international containers with direct express transportation on the main lines connecting with Hong Kong and Macao, service to Europe via the continental land-bridge and service to Central Asia to the west.

Beijing is the meeting center for all national airlines. By the end of 2006, there were 66 airline companies operating out of Beijing Airport, including 13 from the Chinese mainland, 3 from Hong Kong and Macao and 50 from other nations. In 2006, passenger throughput was 48.6 million passenger movements and cargo throughput was 1.03 million tons. The Capital International Airport is among the busiest airports in Asia.

The new No 3 terminal building at Beijing Capital International Airport, which will serve as the main support building during the 2008 Olympic Games, began trial operations at the end of February 2008. The huge terminal building, designed by leading British architect Norman Foster, has 99 hectares (245 acres) of floor space, 120 departure gates and a 20-mile network of conveyor belts that can handle 20,000 bags per hour, moving them at a speed of 10 meters per second.

Beijing port is the largest port on the Chinese mainland covering an area of 13,600 square kilometers and has become an international port with a throughput of more than 0.1 billion tons. Ships from Beijing port can reach Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, South Korea, Southeast Asia, Australia, Israel, the Mediterranean Sea, Northwest Europe, South Africa, South America and the east and west coasts of the US. Ships can also directly reach all ports in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and reach all ports and wharves in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui through the Jiangnan Water network. In order to satisfy the increasing needs of container throughput in Beijing, Beijing started construction of the Dayangshan and Xiaoyangshan Deepwater Ports, which upon completion, will be ''Gate of Beijing'' and an ''ecological'' coastal city area representing the best model of urban development in the 21st century. 

Cargo/Freight and Passenger Volumes in Beijing (2006)

Index Cargo Volume
Total Cargo Volume
Passenger Volume
(passenger movements)
Total Passenger Volume
(passenger movements)
Railway 26.26 47.86 8.91 82.50
Road 8.86 7.92
Aviation 3.36 65.67
Pipeline 9.38  

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