Human Resource Overview
There were over 4 million people in the Beijing in 2006. Among them, 2.3 million held college degrees or above and 1.72 million held professional titles. By the end of 2006, there were 7,500 research institutes in Beijing, employing over 450,000 scientific and technical personnel. Beijing spent 37.95 billion RMB on R&D (research and development) in 2006 and the number of patent applications totaled 22,572, among which 10,100 were granted.
There are 82 universities and colleges in Beijing with enrolment of some 555,000 students. The most famous institutions include Peking University, Tsinghua University, Renmin University and Beijing Normal University. There are also 115 sci-tech research institutions for graduate students with enrollment of 178,000. Currently Beijing's universities have research departments which include 1 National Lab, 31 Key State Labs, 41 Key Labs for the Ministry of Education, 10 Specialized National Labs, 58 Labs from other ministries, 6 National Engineering Research Centers, 8 National Engineering Technology Research Centers and 9 Engineering Research Centers for the Ministry of Education.
The Capital's vocational and adult education providers have pinpointed science as their main focal point. Among them, 10 schools are highly developed including the vocational school of the Beijing Economic and Technological Development District and the Beijing Jiaotong School. During the Tenth Five Year Planning period, 350,000 people completed courses at vocational schools with over 97% of graduates finding employment.
Already 30 countries including the USA, Canada, England, Germany and Australia have established educational cooperation programs with Beijing schools. Forms of cooperation include adoption and adaptation of foreign course curriculums, establishing joint training programs, training teachers and co-establishing centers for vocational training. This has broadened perspectives of local teachers, exposing them to modern educational philosophies and teaching techniques, while contributing to overall reform of the education sector in Beijing.
Human Resource Costs (2007)
Average Monthly Wage by Industry (RMB per year)
|Farming Forestry, Animal Husbandry the Fisheries||16,125|
|Information Technology, Computer and Soft Ware Services||71,544|
|Wholesale and Retail||32,109|
|Hotels & Restaurants||19,926|
|Leasing and Business Services||31,699|
Average Salary for Management Personnel
|Customer Service Manager||71,363|
|Mechanical Engineering Technologist||39,703|
|Electronic Engineering Technologist||65,438|
|Petroleum Engineering Technologist||30,065|
|Metallurgy Engineering Technologist||51,746|
|Chemical Engineering Technologist||45,418|
|Foodstuffs Engineering Technologist||28,197|
|Pharmaceutical Engineering Technologist||41,622|
|Web Design Technologist||36,617|
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