Until the Qing Dynasty, the area now known as Daqing was a reasonably insignificant place, known only as a hunting ground due to its wetland and prairies, and consequently it remained unsettled. It grew slightly after Russia constructed the Chinese Eastern Railway through the area with a stop at Saertu. In 1904, a village called Anda was established at Daqing. It was not until 1959 that oil was discovered in the region as part of the large scale oil exploration put into motion across the Songliao Basin. Shortly before the 10th anniversary of the founding of the PRC, oil was found and the city began to morph into the Daqing we know today. In 1979 it was named Daqing, which literally means 'Great Celebration'.
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