Jan 16, 2018 By Degen Hill , eChinacities.com

China is continually growing, developing and setting goals for itself. With 2017 now behind us, we take a look at some of China’s development plans over the next 30 years in the fields of society, the economy, technology and the environment.

 

China, as the world’s second largest economy, is preparing to shape a new global era. The year just gone was an extremely important one for the Asian nation. Xi reached Mao-like status with the adoption of “Xi Thought” into the constitution; China held an especially long 19th National Congress of the Communist Party; U.S. President Donald Trump visited and said a whole lot of bad and good stuff about China; and China played a key role in a number of global issues as America took a step back.

China’s clear determination to grow into a powerful and peaceful nation can be seen through its increasing commitment to poverty alleviation, protecting the environment and developing technology. It seems China is continually setting itself new goals and objectives. Outlined below are some of China’s targets for 2020, 2030, and 2050:

2020

The Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee mapped out China's development from 2016 to 2020. In addition, China’s 13th Five-Year Plan set climate and energy targets for 2020.

Space

• By the year of 2020, the International Space Station is expected to be retired, while, in that same year, China's space station should be complete

• By 2020, China is set to meet a market demand of more than 270 domestic and 460 foreign space launches

Economy

• Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leaders have reaffirmed their prior commitments to double 2010’s GDP and individual incomes by 2020

• By 2020, investment in tourism in China is expected to grow to RMB 2 trillion, and tourism revenue is expected to increase to RMB 7 trillion

Society

• China plans to lift all of its poor out of poverty by 2020, according to a communique released after the CPC plenary meeting

• According to a national plan on urbanization for the 2014-2020 period, by 2020, 45% of China’s entire registered population will be living in urban areas

• China hopes to achieve a 60% urbanization rate by 2020

Technology

• China has one clear goal: to become an “Internet power” by 2020

• China’s State Council has announced plans to boost investment in clean energy and nuclear power along with 14 other areas of scientific research. By 2020, it said that the country should be spending 2.5% of its gross domestic budget on research and development - double the current level

• China’s re-manufacturing industry is expected to hit RMB 200 billion by 2020

Environment

• There are plans to place a cap on coal use at a peak of 4.2 billion tons before transitioning to clean energy

• China’s carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP are set to be reduced by 18% from 2015 levels. China’s carbon intensity dropped by 6.6% in 2016, and another 4% in the first three quarters of 2017, which indicates that the country is on track to fulfill its goals in regards to cutting carbon intensity

• China hopes to reduce energy intensity by 15% compared with 2015 levels

• Energy consumption will be capped at the equivalent of 5 billion tons of coal  

• Officials have pledged to achieve a 15% share of non-fossil energy in primary energy consumption by 2020

2030

Many of China’s 2030 goals were set during the Paris Climate Change Conference in 2016.

Technology

• The government wants to become a global leader in Artificial Intelligence. Leaders have called for the development of skills, research and educational resources to achieve "major breakthroughs" by 2025 and make China a world leader in AI by 2030.

Environment

• China plans to achieve 16% adoption of renewable energy by 2030

• It is aiming for carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP to drop 60-65% from 2005 levels by 2030

• The share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption is expected to grow by about 20%

• China has pledged to peak emissions by 2030, while maintaining efforts to bring this date forward

Society

• China has announced the approval of a National Nutrition Program (2017-2030), which will significantly shape China's food industry over the coming decade. Stipulations include reducing national salt intake by 20%, promoting health and nutrition data, and strengthening food safety monitoring programs

2050

The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (NCCPC) in Beijing, 2017, set out to establish China as a modern socialist country by 2050.

Society

• By 2050, 80% of urbanization will be completed

Economy

• US congressmen are warning that China's economy will overtake America as the world’s biggest by 2050

Environment

• China will use 60% renewable energy (wind & solar) and 86% renewable electricity by 2050 (Under this scenario, only 7% of its power would come from coal)

• China’s 2050 goals include sustainable development in forestry, with the priority on ecological construction

• There are plans to establish of an ecological security system with a priority on forests and vegetation

• China will be transformed into a scenic, ecological and civilized society

It all sounds rather rosy doesn’t it? Let’s see if the next 30 years in China live up to their lofty expectations…

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Keywords: China future plans China development plans

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