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History of Changsha

There has been a settlement in the area now known as Changsha since the Neolithic era. It was a fortified city by the second century BC and grew further during the Han Dynasty when it became the capital of the Changsha Kingdom. Read more>>

All Changsha Essential Guide

Changsha Transport - Introduction HOT

Changsha's place as the capital of Hunan Province has ensured its significance as a transport hub, reached easily by road, rail and air. There is also limited transport by water in and out of the city. Most of the transport in the city of Changsha relies on ...... Read More>>

Office Leasing

Commercial Real Estate Overview Office buildings in Changsha are mainly clustered in the Wuyi Lu and Furong Lu areas centered at Furong Square and extending to other lines including Shaoshan Lu, near the city center. Since the Changsha Municipal Government offices have begun moving southward, the economic focus of Changsha has also moved to the ... ...Read More>>

Business Links

◎ Changsha Municipal People's Government ◎ Foreign Affairs Office of Changsha Municipal People's Government (Chinese) ◎ Changsha travel ◎ Investment in Changsha ...Read More>>

Labor force

Human Resource Overview There are 170,000 new people coming into the labor market in Changsha each year. There are more than 270,000 scientific and technological employees, some of which are first-rate talents specializing in systems engineering, information technology, biological engineering and new materials engineering. There are more than ... ...Read More>>

Municipal Infrastructure - Public Utilities

Power Supply: The main transformer capacity in Changsha is 3.02 million KVA and the peak load is 830 thousand KW. A thermal power plant with 1.2 million kilowatt capacity is currently under construction. Water Supply: Changsha has a water supply capacity of 170,000 tons per day, higher than the average level for provincial capital cities in ... ...Read More>>

Municipal Infrastructure - Post &Telecommunications

In 2006, postal and telecommunications revenues reached 5.57 billion RMB including 5.22 billion RMB in telecom revenues. There were 2.54 million local phone users and 3.78 million mobile phone users. The number of internet users increased to 0.88 million households at the end of 2006. ...Read More>>

Changsha Business Guide - Economic Overview HOT

Vital Statistics (2006) GDP: RMB 179.07 billion GDP per Capita: RMB 27,853 Economic Growth Rate: 14.8% Population: 2.09 million (urban) – 4.23 million (rural) FDI: US$1.2 billion Annual Average Wage: RMB 21,499 Government Effectiveness Rating: 102nd 2006 Chinese Cities Competitive Rating: 24th Economic Overview Changsha, the present-day ... ...Read More>>

Preferential Policy

Preferential Policies Business Income Tax State regulations provide that the income tax for enterprises with foreign investment is 30% of the taxable income, yet enterprises operating within the jurisdiction of Changsha municipality will enjoy a favorable tax rate of 24% and enterprises operating within special pilot zones or designated ... ...Read More>>

Investment Procedure

1. Establishing a Representative Office in Changsha Foreign enterprises shall make application to the Changsha Municipal Administration for Industry and Commerce and submit the following documents: (1) Application for establishing a representative office signed by the legal representative of the foreign enterprise; (2) Authorization document ... ...Read More>>

Planning & Development

Strategic Planning and Development The city of Changsha's strategic planning goals include construction of key expansion zones, including both banks of the Xiangjiang River, the Hexi Xincheng area, Xingma Xincheng area and the Chengnan Xinqu areas. Hexi Xincheng will be a hi-tech industrial base for innovation, science and technology. Xingma ... ...Read More>>

Development Zones

Changsha Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone (CHIDZ) The Changsha National High-Tech Industrial Development Zone (CHTIDZ) was founded in 1988 and was approved by the State Council as one of the national hi-tech zones in 1991. At present, there are 800 hi-tech enterprises set up in the zone, 200 of which with foreign investment. In the year of ... ...Read More>>

Municipal Infrastructure - Transportation

Roads The No. 107 National Highway from Beijing to Shenzhen and the No. 319 National Highway from Xiamen to Chengdu run through the city and the new Changsha-Xiangtan Expressway has been completed, with the new Changsha-Yiyang Expressway nearing completion. The total length of completed roadbed in Changsha reached 9,100 kilometers in 2006. ... ...Read More>>

Municipal Government

Mayor Mayor: Tan Zhongchi Municipal Departments • Changsha Municipal People's Government Add: 218 Yuelu Dadao, Changsha Tel: 0731-8665000 • Foreign Affairs and Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of People's Government of Changsha Add: 5/F, Municipal Government Building, 218 Yuelu Dadao, Changsh Tel: 0731-8665504 Fax: 0731-4445583 • ... ...Read More>>

Business Environment

Geographical Advantages Changsha is located in a beautiful and richly endowed river-valley plain in the central part of Hunan Province, bordering on the Luoxiao Mountain range to the east, the Wuling Mountain range to the west, beside the Dongting Lake to the north and the Hengshan Mountain range to the south. The city has a humid climate and ... ...Read More>>

Foreign Trade & Foreign Direct

Changsha has become a hot spot for foreign investment on the mainland. In 2006 actualized foreign investment reached US$1.2 billion, an increase of 33 percent over the previous year. Preferred fields of foreign investors so far include manufacturing, electronics, the automotive sector, household appliances, agriculture, infrastructure and mixed ... ...Read More>>

Strategic Industries

Changsha's pillar industries include construction machinery manufacturing, electronics and information technology, tobacco and food processing. Its chemicals, building materials, pharmaceuticals, automotive and metallurgical industries are also well-developed. Products made in Changsha include cigarettes, alcohol, frozen and canned foods, air ... ...Read More>>

Statistics HOT

• GDP: RMB 561.93 billion (2011) • Per Capita Disposable Income of Urban Residents: RMB 26,451 (2011) • Economic Growth Rate: 14.5% (2011) • Resident Population: 7.04 million (2010) • Unemployment Rate: 2.9% (2010) • Enrollment Rate for Children of School Age: 100% (2010) • Enrollment Rate for High School ... ...Read More>>

Area & Population HOT

The area of Changsha covers 10% of Hunan Province, an area of 11,819 square kilometers. The urban area of Changsha is relatively small in comparison, comprising an area of 1,938 sq. kilometers. The population of Changsha is just under 7.04 million. The male population is 3.58 million, 50.84% of the total population and the female population is ... ...Read More>>

Location and Climate HOT

Changsha is located in the Hunan Province on the lowest part of the Xiang River. It is humid all year round, with a summer average maximum temperature of around 33C (91.4F). The coldest month of January has average minimums of 1C (33F). ...Read More>>

Changsha Nightlife HOT

Most of Changsha's bars and clubs are grouped along Jiefang Xilu, with a smattering of other establishments located around the city. KTVs are extremely popular (and numerous) here, and if you're looking for a local experience, head on down to your local ...... Read More>>

Changsha Transport - Bus HOT

The bus network in Changsha runs between 6am and midnight, covering the city center and the suburbs, as well as stretching out into the surrounding areas. Buses are the best option for budget travelers: the fare is 1 RMB on a standard bus, and 2 RMB on buses with air conditioning. Rush hours are crowded. In addition to the normal buses, there is ... ...Read More>>

Changsha Transport - Boat HOT

The second largest lake in China, Dongting Hu, connects Changsha with the Yangtze River, from where many major cities in China can be reached by water including Chongqing, Wuhan, Shanghai, Nanjing, Xiangtan and Lianyungang. Changsha Passenger Port (Changsha Lunchuan Keyun Zhan) Destination: Daily Departure Time: Xiangtan 7:10 am – 5:30 pm ... ...Read More>>

Changsha Entertainment Overview HOT

Changsha's nightlife is varied and vibrant, generally not really warming up until one or two in the morning. Hawkers selling snacks and knickknacks off the back of small carts fight for space with cars and pedestrians in the busy streets around the city's ...... Read More>>

Things to buy in Changsha HOT

Xiang embroidery (Xiangxiu) 湘绣 Xiang embroidery, which originated in Hunan province, is one of the four great embroidery styles of China, dating back hundreds of years. Xiang embroidery doesn't feature the meticulous detail of other styles: its appeal is ...... Read More>>

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